Mrs Johnes's Garden, 2012/13

Planting began early in 2012, and further took take place in 2013 to complete the project.Visitors are welcome to explore the garden, but are asked not to walk on the flower beds nor remove any plant material.

Much of the preparatory work was carried out by Forestry Commission Wales. The Hafod Partnership also gratefully acknowledges the financial assistance of:

The Finnis Scott Foundation
The Cefn Croes Wind Farm Community Trust
Tidy Towns Wales
and many individual donors

Mrs Johnes's Garden, 2012/13   Mrs Johnes's Garden, 2012/13

Mrs Johnes's Garden, 2011

Work on Phase II of the Garden Project began on autumn 2011, thanks to the generous support of the Finnis Scott Foundation.

Mrs Johnes's Garden, 2009

The Garden was the focus of the Hafod Partnership's major project for 2009.

Forestry Commission Wales provided a considerable amount of capital funding and management costs for the first stage: namely, the removal of conifers from the garden, the diversion of the forest road to a new route outside the garden wall, and making good the ground where the road previously ran.

This stage is now complete and, additionally, tree stumps have been removed and new topsoil laid. The success of this scheme can be seen from the photo.

Development of Mrs Johnes' Garden at the Hafod Estate


Trees and shrubs planted in Mrs Johnes's Garden. American & European species known to have been used in 18th century gardens.

Plant/Shrub name Common name Origin Date of origin
Abies alba European siver fir C Europe 1603
Acer pensylvanicum, A striatum Moosewood E N Am 1755
Acer rubrum Red maple, Canadian maple E N Am 1656
Aesculus parviflora Bottlebrush buckeye SE USA 1785
Amelanchier canadensis, A. botryapium Shadbush (shadfish spawning when in flower) N. Am 1746
Andromeda polifolia Bog rosemary Europe, N Am 1768
Arbutus unedo Strawberry tree Ireland Long cultivated
Aronia arbutifolia Red chokeberry E N Am 1700
Aronia melanocarpa Black chokeberry E N Am 1700
Berberis vulgaris barberry, European barberry C & S Europe
Buxus sempervirens Box S Europe Long cultivated
Calycanthus floridus Carolina allspice SE USA 1726
Caragana arborescens Pea tree Siberia 1752
Catalpa bignonoides Indian bean tree N Am 1798
Chamaecytisus purpureus Purple broom C SE Europe 1792
Chamaedaphne calyculata, Cassandra calyculata Leatherleaf E N Am 1748
Chionanthus virginicus White fringe tree E N Am 1736
Clethra alnifolia Sweet pepperbush, Anne Bidwell, Summersweet E N Am 1731
Comptonia asplenifolia, C . Peregrina Sweetfern, Sweet-bush,Spleenwort, Ricket Plant E N Am 1714
Cornus alba Siberian, white, Red-barked dogwood Siberia 1741
Cornus florida Flowering dogwood E N Am 1730
Cornus mas Cornelian cherry C S Europe Long cultivated
Crataegus laevigata 'Plena' Midland hawthorn double white
Cytisus decumbens Prostrate broom S Europe 1775
Daphne mezereum Mezereon Europe 1561
Daphne mezereum alba White mezereon
Listed 1771
Fothergilla gardeni lanceolata F.alnifolia, F.carolina Witch alder SE USA 1765
Gaultheria procumbens Checkerberry, Wintergreen E N Am 1762
Hamamelis virginiana Witch-hazel E N Am 1736
Hypericum androsaemum Tutsan W & S Europe C before 1600
Hypericum prolificum Shrubby St John's wort, Cinnamon stick E &C USA 1750
Ilex aquifolium Holly Europe long cultivated
Ilex verticillata, Prinos verticillatus Winterberry E N Am 1736
Itea virginica Virginia sweetspire, Virginia willow E N Am 1744
Jasminium officinale Common white jasmine, Poet's jasmine Caucasus 1548
Kalmia angustifolia Sheep laurel E N Am 1736
Kalmia latifolia Calico bush, Mountain laurel, iced gem E N Am 1734
Kalmia polifolia Eastern Bog laurel E N Am 1767
Kerria japonica 'Plenifolia', Corchorus japonica Kerria China 1804
Leucothoe fontanesiana Fetter bush SE USA 1765
Lindera benzoin, Benzoin aestivale Benjamin tree SE USA 1683
Liquidambar styraciflua, Styrax liquidar Sweetgum E N Am 1683
Magnolia acuminata Cucumber tree E USA 1736
Plant/Shrub name Common name Origin Date of origin
Magnolia virginiana, M. glauca Umbrella tree E USA 1752
Magnolia virginiana, M. glauca Sweet bay, Swamp bay E USA late 17th C
Malus baccata Siberian crab Asia 1784
Nyssa sylvatica Tulepo, Sour gum E N Am 1750
Oxydendrum arboreum, Andromeda arboreum Sorrel tree E USA 1752
Philadelphus coronarius Syringa S Europe 1596
Phillyrea angustifolia Narrow-leaved mock privet S Europe pre 1597
Phillyrea latifolia Mock privet, Green olive S Europe pre 1597
Potentilla fruiticosa Shrubby cinquefoil Britain Long cultivated
Prunus laurocerasus Cherry laurel E Europe 1576
Prunus lusitanica Portuguese laurel S Europe 1648
Quercus ilex Evergreen oak S Europe 16th C
Rhamnus alaternus Italian buckthorn S Europe early 17thC
Rhododendron calendulaceum, Azalea calendulacea Flame azalea E USA 1806
Rhododendron canadense, Azalea canadensis, Rhodora canadensis Rhodora E N Am 1767
Rhododendron groenlandicum, Ledum groenlandicum, L. latifolium) Labrador tea E N Am 1763
Rhododendron luteum, Azalea pontica Yellow azalea, honeysuckle azalea E Europe 1793
Rhododendron maximum Great laurel, Rosebay E N Am 1736
Rhododendron periclymenoides, R. nudiflorum Pinxterbloom azalea,Shinners, Pink azalea, Pinxterflower E USA 1734
Rhododendron viscosum, Azalea viscosa, R. oblongifolium, R. glauca Swamp honeysuckle E N Am 1734
Rhus glabra Smooth sumach E N Am 1620
Ribes odoratum Buffalo currant C USA 1812
Rosa x odorata 'pallida' Old Blush, Monthly rose
Rosa De Meaux

Rosa Duchess of Portland Portland rose
Rosa nitida Shinig rose E N Am 1807
Rosa rubignosa, R. eglanteria Eglantine, Sweetbriar Britain
Rosa virginiana, R. lucida Virginia rose, Pairie rose E N Am 1807
Rosa x alba 'Semi Plena, White rose of York

Rosa x centifolia muscosa 'Shailers white moss'

Rubus odoratus Purple-flowering , Flowering , or Virginia raspberry E N Am 1770
Spiraea alba var. latifolia, S.latifolia,S.salicifolia var. latifolia Meadow sweet E USA 1789
Staphylea trifolia American bladdernut E USA 1640
Syringa vulgaris Lilac E Europe 16th C
Syringa x persica Persian lilac
C 1640
Vaccinium corymbosum Swamp blueberry E N Am 1765
Vaccinium macrocarpon, Oxycoccus macrocarpus Large cranberry, American cranberry, bearberry E N Am 1760
Viburnum cassinoides Blue haw, With-rod E N Am 1761
Viburnum tinus Laurustinus SE Europe late 16th C
Vinca major Periwinkle C & S Europe Long cultivated
Vinca minor 'Multiplex' Double purple lesser periwinkle
Long cultivated
Zenobia pulverulenta, Andromeda pulverulenta Honeycup E USA 1801
key: C Europe= Cental Europe, E N Am = Eastern, North America,

Planting design by Ros Laidlaw BA, MA LD


List up-to-date as of December 2013.

You are welcome to download a list of the trees and shrubs planted in the garden. You can download the list as a .pdf file here

   Hafod Conservation Partnership supported by:
Heritage Lottery Fund LogoHeritage Lottery Fund
European Union INTERREG IIIA logo Pentir Pumlumon is engaged in a joint marketing project part funded by the European Regional Development Fund through the Ireland/Wales INTERREG IIIA Program. Cydcoed Tir Coed LogoTir Coed EU Project Logo Project part- financed by the European Union
Mynyddoed Cambrian

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